History of Rug
The original design of the Pazyryk rug is much more detailed than
the replica above and the colors seem more vibrant.
The art of rug weaving dates back into pre-history. Unfortunately,
not much is known about these first attempts at knotted rugs, as the
majority of them are lost forever.
The earliest surviving knotted rug is called the Pazyryk carpet and
it was buried for over 2500 years, frozen under Siberian ice in the
Altai Mountains near the outer Mongolian border. A Soviet archaeologist
discovered it in 1949 and it is now displayed in the Hermitage Museum in
St. Petersburg, Russia.
Unfortunately, the origins of the Pazyryk carpet are unknown. It
measures approximately 6' x 5' and is woven using the Turkish knot. The
original design has a tile-work central motif surrounded by borders with
rows of elk and horsemen and is thought to be a ceremonial procession,
perhaps depicting a Scything burial ceremony.
Throughout history, area rugs and various construction techniques
have spread throughout the world. Large-scale Persian and Oriental rugs
have been widely produced and used in Asia and the Middle East for
centuries, but were not commonly available to average European and
American households before the onset of mass production. With the
relatively recent production of man-made carpets and area rugs using
synthetic and natural materials, floor coverings are available to fit